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Exploring Armed Groups in Libya: Perspectives on SSR in a Hybrid Environment

Libya’s security sector has become virtually unrecognizable from what it was a decade ago owing to the transformations brought about since the 2011 revolution. This evolution has implications on any attempts to usher in short-term and interim security arrangements as well as longer-term security sector reform (SSR) efforts.

Why Abbas is shaking up Palestinian security services

The Palestinian arena has of lately witnessed successive events, beginning with the resignation of the Palestinian government on Jan. 29, the start of consultations to form a new government, the leaks in late January that the US administration’s Mideast peace plan would be announced soon, and the announcement by the Palestinian Authority (PA) on Feb. 10 that international institutions …

Palestinian security forces to vote early in local elections

BETHLEHEM (Ma’an) — Voting in upcoming municipal elections will be held two days early for members of the Palestinian security forces, according to official Palestinian news agency Wafa. Citing a statement from the Central Elections Commission (CEC), Wafa reported that the elections, which are scheduled to be held in the …

Understanding Shifts in Egyptian Civil-Military Relations: Lessons from the Past and Present

Understanding power and influence shifts in Egypt’s civil-military relations requires an analysis of societal dynamics and of loyalties in the officer corps. The ability to build and demonstrate support from a societal constituency, or an important faction in the officer corps, is a source of leverage for both political and …

U.S. Security Assistance to Egypt: Military Aid and Legislative Conditionality

The U.S. provides Egypt with roughly $1.3 billion in security assistance annually, primarily in the form of Foreign Military Financing (FMF) grants. Since 2011, U.S. security assistance has come under increasing criticism. This paper analyzes U.S.-Egypt security cooperation in light of post-2011 developments. Following an overview of U.S. assistance, subsequent sections analyze the legal framework and relevant legislation, particularly in …